Acne is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. It often causes whiteheads, blackheads or pimples, and usually appears on the face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders. Acne is most common among teenagers, though it affects people of all ages.

Effective treatments are available, but acne can be persistent. The pimples and bumps heal slowly, and when one begins to go away, others seem to crop up.

Depending on its severity, acne can cause emotional distress and scar the skin. The earlier you start treatment, the lower your risk of such problems.

Common acne

Cystic acne


Acne signs and symptoms vary depending on the severity of your condition:

  • Whiteheads (closed plugged pores)
  • Blackheads (open plugged pores)
  • Small red, tender bumps (papules)
  • Pimples (pustules), which are papules with pus at their tips
  • Large, solid, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin (nodules)
  • Painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the surface of the skin (cystic lesions)

When to see a doctor

If self-care remedies don’t clear your acne, see your primary care doctor. He or she can prescribe stronger medications. If acne persists or is severe, you may want to seek medical treatment from a doctor who specializes in the skin (dermatologist).

For many women, acne can persist for decades, with flares common a week before menstruation. This type of acne tends to clear up without treatment in women who use contraceptives.

In older adults, a sudden onset of severe acne may signal an underlying disease requiring medical attention.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warns that some popular nonprescription acne lotions, cleansers and other skin products can cause a serious reaction. This type of reaction is quite rare, so don’t confuse it with the redness, irritation or itchiness where you’ve applied medications or products.

Seek emergency medical help if after using a skin product you experience:

  • Faintness
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Swelling of the eyes, face, lips or tongue
  • Tightness of the throat


Four main factors cause acne:

  • Excess oil production
  • Hair follicles clogged by oil and dead skin cells
  • Bacteria
  • Excess activity of a type of hormone (androgens)

Acne typically appears on your face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders because these areas of skin have the most oil (sebaceous) glands. Hair follicles are connected to oil glands.

The follicle wall may bulge and produce a whitehead. Or the plug may be open to the surface and darken, causing a blackhead. A blackhead may look like dirt stuck in pores. But actually the pore is congested with bacteria and oil, which turns brown when it’s exposed to the air.

Pimples are raised red spots with a white center that develop when blocked hair follicles become inflamed or infected with bacteria. Blockages and inflammation that develop deep inside hair follicles produce cystlike lumps beneath the surface of your skin. Other pores in your skin, which are the openings of the sweat glands, aren’t usually involved in acne.

Factors that may worsen acne

These factors can trigger or aggravate acne:

  • Hormones. Androgens are hormones that increase in boys and girls during puberty and cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge and make more sebum. Hormonal changes related to pregnancy and the use of oral contraceptives also can affect sebum production. And low amounts of androgens circulate in the blood of women and can worsen acne.
  • Certain medications. Examples include drugs containing corticosteroids, testosterone or lithium.
  • Diet. Studies indicate that certain dietary factors, including skim milk and carbohydrate-rich foods — such as bread, bagels and chips — may worsen acne. Chocolate has long been suspected of making acne worse. A small study of 14 men with acne showed that eating chocolate was related to a worsening of symptoms. Further study is needed to examine why this happens and whether people with acne would benefit from following specific dietary restrictions.
  • Stress. Stress can make acne worse.

Benefits of Salt Therapy Treatments. Salt Bed Resting in a Salt Room.

There is a new trend growing in spa treatments around the world that have been around since the medieval era. Halotherapy or salt therapy is offering some treatments aimed at healing skin and respiratory problems. So what are the Benefits of Salt Therapy?

What the Advocates of Salt Therapy Say

Those who swear by salt therapy claim that treatments like sitting in a salt cave will help with skin and respiratory conditions. Breathing in the salty air is said to boost immunity, clear skin and relieve asthma and bronchitis.

The salt molecules in the air break down after entering the lungs where they breakdown and release negative ions which cleanse and kill bacteria and germs. These negative ions are said to:

  • can reduce inflammation in the lungs and clear mucus
  • naturally, moisturize skin by attracting moisture
  • ease coughs and shortness of breathe
  • improve skin disorders like eczema, psoriasis, and acne
  • help and reduce stress
  • reduce headaches
  • aid in the treatment of depression, anxiety and stabilize mood

What the Critics of Salt Therapy Say

The issue with those who question salt therapy benefits is that there haven’t been sufficient studies performed to prove the health benefits. This makes health professionals question the validity of all the claims.

Different Salt Therapy Treatments Available

Salt Scrubs

Using salt scrubs to exfoliate the skin helps remove dead skin cells, unclog pores and kill bacteria which results in rejuvenating the skin. Those who use them say there skin appears firmer, fresher and it provides a younger-looking glow.

Himalayan Pink Salt Lamps

Aside from the esthetically pleasing look these laps provide in your home, these salt lamps are said to attract air pollutants and clean the air. Personally I think a good quality air purifier will work better as there are many fake salt lamps out there which will produce no results other than offering a salt glow in your room.

The Salt Bed at The Salt Scene

Experienced the Salt Bed at The Salt Scene located at the Grove, Windermere.

The Salt Scene, Orlando is home to the only salt bed in Central Florida. The smaller space means it takes less time to get the full benefit of the treatment. Sessions in our salt bed are only 25 minutes long. It’s the same treatment as our other salt rooms but in nearly half the time. It is the perfect option for those with limited time in their everyday life.

**Additional Private Room Charge for Salt Therapy Sessions**

Himalayan Salt Cave or Salt Room

This salt therapy treatment is conducted in a room covered floor to ceiling in Himalayan Pink Salt. There is a generator in the cave which sends salt particles out into the air. The salt room is cooled to 69 degrees (20 C) with 60% humidity, and lights are dimmed down, and soft music plays.

Spending an hour inside a salt cave is said to be the equivalent of breathing in three days of beach air. As I mentioned above the salt cave treatment is said to improve respiratory conditions from colds and flu to asthma and bronchitis.